Kampot province is located in the south-west Cambodia, and includes a 80 km coastal strip of the Gulf of Thailand.

Kampot – the administrative center of the same province, a small and charming town with a colonial atmosphere and beautiful nature – located on the banks Preak Kampong Bay River, 5 km from the coast and very close to the mountains of Bokor (Bokor Hill Station), with a view of the dark silhouettes of the Elephant mountains surrounded by rice fields and dense tropical jungle. Life in Kampot is so measured and calm that not a traveler can resist the temptation to stay in the city for a few days longer than planned. The concentration of expats from the West in Kampot – one of the highest in Cambodia. For you, as a tourist, it means that there are a large number of hotels, bars and restaurants owned by immigrants from Western countries and Europe with good service. The town goes to sleep very early and many may seem to exist beyond time and space. In comparison with the noisy and touristy Sihanoukville, Kampot – very quiet and peaceful place, ideal for permanent living as well as for short holidays.

History

The history of the region has more than 2,000 years, but most of the knowledge of the past forgotten by the local population and foreign visitors. To immortalize memorable events of past ages, in Kampot created historical museum with an exhibition of archaeological finds, objects, sculptures and the first photographs of the city of Kampot and the surrounding area. The museum is located in the yellow French manor from the mid 20th century. The ticket price for foreigners - $ 2; to Khmer - free. During the period of French expansion Kampot was one of the most important regions, so the colonial administration influence that the city was considerably larger than in other provincial cities. Until now, along the waterfront, you can see the old buildings undergoing a majestic decay, although many of them have been entirely renovated and brought to government and administrative offices. Their high ceilings, simple and strong geometric shapes, parquet floors and walls of yellow mustard color, along with a simple ordering, symbolize the immense scale of the French government and its past influence in the region. Reconstruction of old buildings are being acquired considerable magnitude, and even the old fish market, many years standing in a derelict state, was recently renovated for a new restaurant. The most famous symbol of the history of the province of Kampot - Bokor Hill Station - stands at more than a thousand meters above the city on a mountain top Bokor. Works on arrangement of new resort actively conducted since 1916, and after a few decades, representatives of noble French families built on the mountain resort of luxury to escape the hot climate for them Cambodian tropics. Many French colonists homesick, and the climate at the top of Bokor Mountain reminded them European summer. Opening of settlement of the French community was held in 1925 on Valentine's Day. Among the first buildings were constructed: the Catholic church, post office and school. This accommodation Station Bokor gathered representatives of the Cambodian elite and the French nobility for business meetings, luxury holidays and verification of good luck at the local casino. According to rumors, in its heyday the loser gambler from the despair and hopelessness threw casino cliff onto the rocks covering the hillside. Since independence from the French colonists beginning of the Vietnam War in the 1940's xx years. Bokor station was abandoned for the first time. History repeated itself in 1970-xx years. with the advent of the Khmer Rouge: in 1972 Pol Pot's forces under the influence of the radical Maoist ideology turned again abandoned village into a strategic military outpost. In the future, all the roads were mined, and the access to the stations faded for many decades. The old part of the city was built during the colonial rule of France in the region. The first city blocks formed during the settlement arrangement Bokor Hill Station. In the future, the city is gradually being completed, was partially destroyed and abandoned in the 70-xx, continuing to develop until the present time, but still not enough, for the most part representing an ordered rural buildings with preservation of the graft by the French architectural style, even for modern buildings.

Geography

The area of ​​Kampot province is 4,873 square kilometers. The region is located in the southwestern part of the country and bordered to the north with the province of Kampong Speu, in the east - Takeo, in the West - to Sihanoukville and Koh Kong, and in the south - the Gulf of Siam. The eastern part of the province is covered with typical Cambodian rice fields and plantations of crops. The western part of the province adjacent to Bokor National Park, which is part of the Elephant Ridge mountains covered by dense forests with a wide variety of wild animals and plants. The two highest points in the province - in 1027 and 1050 meters - located on the top of Mount Bokor.

Population

The current population of the province is about 700 thousand. People, or about 6% of the total number of inhabitants of the country. The population density was 127 people per square kilometer.

Climate

The climate in Kampot, as well as throughout Cambodia, a very warm and humid. The best conditions for agriculture come in the rainy season, although with the advent of protracted rains number of tourists in the city and its surroundings is reduced substantially. Over the last two months of the rainy season falls heaviest precipitation, so many country roads may be blurred. The average annual temperature in the province is about 27 degrees Celsius; minimum - about 16 degrees. The coldest months of the year - December and January. The hottest - April. Proximity to the sea and mountain ranges makes kampotsky climate is cool and fresh. General information on the provincial climate: - Cool Season: November - March (20-26c); - The hot season: March - May (29c -34c) - Rainy season: May - October (22-30c, with humidity up to 90%).

Economy

Economic life in the province of Kampot is based on agriculture and tourism. The region is developing very fast; throughout the construction of new hotels and restaurants, but the influence of foreign capital, as compared, for example, Sihanoukville, is still very low. Top Cambodia durians, mangoes and peppers kampotsky produce here. Fresh, as well as dry, kampotsky pepper has a superb flavor and prized chefs all over the world for decades. Export of various varieties of peppers and agriculture - one of the most important sources of replenishment of the provincial budget and the employment of local residents. The second source of income for the population of the province has become tourism. A large number of French expatriates deployed in Kampot and around a strong tourism infrastructure, engaged in hotel and restaurant business, conduct tours and provision of services is still a few tourists from Europe, Australia, USA, France and rare visitors from the former Soviet Union states.

Shopping

In any city in Cambodia, there is at least one major market, along with many smaller stalls and stalls at the entrance to the provincial estates Cambodians are located, as a rule, along busy asphalt roads. In the center of Kampot has a large market, which starts at dawn and "asleep" in the intense heat during the day, to revive in the second half of the day and closing in a couple of hours before dark. This feature is associated with the rhythm of life of the local and typical for all UK markets. Vegetables, fruit and any food, as well as small household utensils and clothes can be purchased on the market. Special products are sold in stores are located far away from the market and Minimart. Large shopping centers and large supermarkets in Kampot is not.