Angkor Wat yavlyaetya main temple of all the archaeological complex of Angkor and combines the best architectural achievements, used in different periods of the history of Cambodia from the very first religious buildings doangkorskogo period VI – VIII centuries. Historical analysis of the buildings shows the close connection and, at times, direct borrowing most of the elements of Indian architecture, in particular – the temples, the pedestals with carved lintels in an environment of naturalistic sculptures. The main style that made Angkor Wat and many temples within the complex, called “angkorianskim”, while the word “Angkor” simply means “city” and “vat” – the temple. The greatness of architectural execution of Angkor Wat is explained by its value – the main temple was under construction, according to one version, a king’s tomb, so that all work is carried out at the highest level available for Cambodia XII – XV centuries. To get into the Angkor Wat can only representatives of the highest Buddhist clergy, while mere mortals could not just go to the central room. On the perimeter of the temple, which is, in fact, a three-level pyramid with an orientation to the west, is a moat 190 meters wide, which surrounds the building with a total width of the design 1.3 x 1.5 km.
Angkor Wat was built starting from the center and working your way to the outer boundaries. Wonders of its architectural execution allow us to see only 3 of the 5 towers, from any place around the temple. Most of the residential buildings, including the royal apartments, was constructed of wood, which simply rotted by time and did not survive to the present day. All day there were only stone palaces of sandstone. Their divine mission and determined the choice of a more durable material. The first temple, in the opinion of archaeologists and scientists, built by navalivaniya stone blocks in the right order and to obtain the general form of buildings and corridors, and then unnecessary portions of cleaved stones and grind, and the resulting surface of the walls covered with intricate carvings. Presumably, since the temple of Banteay Srey, smaller blocks of stone began to hew in advance with their subsequent installation and fit to each other. Because of historical references to the names of architects are not preserved, the construction of a temple made to attribute the merits of the king who ruled in the period of its construction.
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